•When an athlete kneels or sits without having a grip of any kind on the opponent.
•When a standing athlete flees the bounds of the match area, avoiding combat with the opponent
•When a standing athlete pushes his/her opponent to outside the match area without clear intent of attempting a submission or scoring.
•When an athlete on the ground evades combat by sliding his/herself outside the match area.
•When an athlete on the ground stands to escape combat and does not return to combat on the ground.
•When an athlete breaks the grip of the opponent pulling guard and does not return to combat on the ground.
•When an athlete intentionally removes his/her own gi or belt, causing the match to be stopped.
•When an athlete grabs the opening of the opponent’s sleeve or pant leg with the fingers placed inside the garment, even if performing a sweep or any other maneuver.
•When an athlete grabs the inside of the opponent’s gi top or pants, when he steps inside the Gi jacket and when an athlete passes a hand through the inside of the opponent’s gi to grip the external part of the gi.
•When an athlete communicates with the referee by speaking or with gestures, except when he/she is reporting a medical issue or a problem with his uniform.
•When an athlete exits the match area following a match prior to the referee announcing the result.
•When an athlete deliberately exits the match area to prevent the opponent from completing a sweep or a takedown.** In this case and only this case, the referee should signal two points be awarded to the opponent and one penalty point be
added to the score of the athlete who exited the match area.
•For Jiu-Jitsu No-Gi, when an athlete grabs hold of his/her uniform or that of his/her opponent in any way
•When an athlete places a hand or foot on his/her opponent’s face.
•When an athlete intentionally places his/her foot in his/her opponent’s belt.
•When the athlete purposely places his/her foot on the lapel of his/her opponent’s
•Gi without having a hand grip to provide traction for his/her foot.
•When an athlete places a foot in the lapel behind the opponent’s neck, with or without gripping it.
•When an athlete uses his/her own belt or the opponent’s belt to assist in a choke or any other circumstance in a match while the belt is untied.
•When an athlete takes more than 20 seconds to tie his/her belts during a match stoppage (when the athlete is also using the identification belt).
•When an athlete runs around the match area and does not engage in the combat
•When an athlete unintentionally reacts in a way that places his/her opponent in an illegal position
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